The history of IoT
The Internet of Things (IoT) has rapidly grown in popularity over the past few years, and it seems like everything from our homes to our cars is now connected. However, the concept of IoT has been around for much longer than many people realise. We explore the history of IoT, from its earliest beginnings to its current state as a ubiquitous technology that is changing the way we live and work. We will examine key milestones in the development of IoT and by understanding the history of IoT, we can gain a deeper appreciation for the technology that is shaping our world today.
What is IoT?
IoT stands for “internet of things”. It is a connected network of physical devices with sensors, processing ability, software and other technologies that interconnect and share information with other devices and systems.
Who came up with the term IoT?
The term “Internet of Things” (IoT), was first used in 1999 by British technology pioneer Kevin Ashton, who also co-founded the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Auto-ID Center.
The Internet of Things is the evolution of connectivity
As the deployment of IoT technology becomes more accessible to both organisations and private users, it fuels its own growth. And with hardware, software, storage and analytics becoming more affordable, reliable and secure, the future of IoT is very bright. IoT is the logical next step when it comes to leveraging computing power to monitor and control our environments.
IoT is helping to transform healthcare, with M2M a doctor can monitor a patient and even administer medication without even being in the same room. With a connected ecosystem patients can get easier access to healthcare because all their data is accessible safely and securely via the internet of things with devices like glucose monitors.
Smart homes not only monitor but understand the environment within their building, if a device records that the temperature is lower than required it can enable the heating to bring it up to temperature. Likewise, if the system has identified that more hot water is used on specific days, the tank and water temperature can be prepared in advance.
IoT enables the global location tracking and status monitoring of items in transit. This monitoring enables businesses to ensure cargo is not only safe but transported in the most efficient manner.
Smart Cities enable the smooth management of the population within a city, through the management of assets, resources and services. An example of this is traffic flow management using smart traffic light systems.
IoT supports manufacturing processes in several ways, from the reduction of labour due to more systems being able to be monitored by smart devices and even optimised by pre-set rulesets implemented into the manufacturing equipment.
IoT devices also enable the process machinery to self-service, meaning a significant reduction in downtime.
Retail has struggled in recent years due to the emergence of online shopping but it’s fighting back with improved customer insights, shopping trend analysis and easier payments with the deployment of IoT.