NB-IoT is a mobile communications standard that allows for the transmission of telemetry and control information at low data volumes. It is an extension and improvement of the LTE standard for the existing mobile communications infrastructure and previously unused frequency bands, and it has been widely adopted in Asia, Europe, and North America.
One of the key benefits of NB-IoT is its efficiency in the wireless carrier industry, which results in affordable pricing for this type of connectivity. It operates in narrow frequency bands which means it has fantastic penetration capabilities through deep urban infrastructure whilst keeping energy usage to a minimum. These characteristics make NB-IoT a flexible and cost-effective option for many industries and M2M applications.
Thanks to its wide range of use cases, including smart metering, smart cities, smart buildings, and smart farming, the prospects for deploying NB-IoT are endless. In smart metering, for example, NB-IoT can be used to connect electricity, water, or gas sensors, providing automated transmission of consumption data and enabling consumers to make informed decisions about their energy usage. In smart cities, NB-IoT can be used to improve urban planning and minimise daily challenges in sectors such as waste management and street lighting maintenance.
Some potential use cases for NB-IoT in smart buildings include automating heating and cooling systems, improving security and access control, and enabling remote maintenance and repairs. In the agriculture industry, NB-IoT can be used for precision farming by monitoring soil conditions, crop health, and irrigation systems.